Dry needling is a technique used as part of injury rehabilitation. It involves the insertion of thin needles into the skin, targeting trigger points or tight bands of muscle to relieve pain and improve muscle function.
During injury rehabilitation, dry needling can be used to address musculoskeletal conditions such as muscle strains, tendonitis, and myofascial pain. It aims to reduce pain and muscle tension, promote tissue healing, restore range of motion, and improve overall function.
The precise mechanism of how dry needling works is not fully understood and its a difficult area to research as everyone reacts differently to the process, but it is believed to have both local and systemic effects. Locally, the needle insertion can stimulate sensory nerves, which may help to disrupt pain signals and release muscle tension. Systemically, it may trigger the release of endorphins and other biochemical substances that promote pain relief and tissue healing.
Dry needling is used in conjunction with other modalities and exercises as part of a multidisciplinary approach to injury rehabilitation.